Subscriber & Member Login

Login, or register today to interact in our online community, comment on articles, receive our newsletter, manage your account online and more!

Bringing engines back from the dead

Read the N Scale Insight column from the January 2017 Model Railroader
You could buy Athearn’s N scale F45s or FP45s as straight DC engines, or with a SoundTraxx Tsunami decoder, as with the F45 here. Jim Kelly thought his decoder had died, but an Athearn technician talked it back to life.
Bill Zuback photo

Several years ago I bought a couple Athearn N scale Electro-Motive Division (EMD) F45 locomotives that came with factory-installed Digital Command Control (DCC) sound decoders. I was thrilled. Only two railroads had ordered these big engines, and one was my beloved Santa Fe. (The other was Great Northern, also well-liked.)

The Santa Fe worked closely with EMD in developing the locomotive and ultimately had 40 F45s and 9 FP45s built in the late 1960s. (The FP45s were intended for passenger service, so they had a steam boiler and were 6 feet longer.)

These are big, beautiful, honkin’ engines, both in reality and in model form, even in N scale, and they’re iconic to Santa Fe fans and modelers. The Athearn N scale versions will outpull any SD-type model two-to-one, as the wide body permits a much heavier frame. And the sound effects created by the SoundTraxx Tsunami DCC decoder are just great. I wish I could afford to put sound decoders in everything.

Seemingly dead. Imagine my chagrin, then, when one day for no apparent reason one of these engines just sat there and refused to do anything. I assumed the decoder was dead, which made me very unhappy. Replacing a typical plug-and-play decoder was one thing, but this was an expensive sound decoder with wires to a tiny speaker, something I didn’t want to mess with at all.

The Lazarus CV. Wondering if Athearn could fix this, I gave them a call and talked to a fellow named David who suggested that maybe my decoder wasn’t really dead, just playing ’possum. He asked if it would do anything at all, walked me through it, and we discovered the bell worked. This was kind of like the old-time movie coroners seeing a little breath on a mirror. From there it took several calls, but he talked the engine back to life, telling me what configuration variable (CV) to set to what value.

As it turns out – and perhaps most of you DCC users already know this – decoders have a CV that will restore the factory settings. Somehow the brains in my decoder had become scrambled, but setting CV30 to 2 and turning the system off and back on solved the problem.

Challenges of DCC. I love DCC and would never go back to direct current (DC) control, but one problem I have is that there’s so much to know that DCC can become a hobby separate unto itself. I’ve met model railroaders for whom it has become exactly that, and they enjoy it thoroughly, even getting into using computer programs to customize speed tables so their locomotives will run perfectly together. I’d like to do all that, but I’d also like to some day finish my railroad.

Fortunately, you don’t have to be an expert to enjoy DCC. I’m grateful I have an NCE system which is, in my opinion, more transparent to the user than most others. Most of what I want to do is accomplished by following prompts on the screen, and I don’t have to know which CV does what. Also, NCE has an excellent manual I use often. Usually it’s a matter of I know I can do it, I’ve done it before, but now I don’t remember how.

The manual for your DCC system is your best friend, but various manufacturers’ decoders have their own vagaries and it’s good to keep the instructions that come with them. Most decoder manufacturers also have excellent websites to help you with installation and use. I’ve found TCS ( and SoundTraxx ( sites especially helpful.

Make the call. Men are notorious for not asking for directions and not seeking help, but when it comes to DCC, my advice is, get over it. Understanding DCC is a complex business, and adding sound systems to decoders adds a whole new level of mystery. If you have a problem, make the call; you’ll be glad you did. It’ll save you a lot of time and frustration.

In addition to Athearn, I’ve called Digitrax and NCE, and they’ve all been patient and stuck with me until the problem was solved. (Larry at NCE was always especially great.) Obviously, these folks want you to enjoy your DCC experience. That’s why they’re there. It’s good for business.

Since the episode with Athearn I’ve brought other apparently dead N scale locomotives back to life by restoring the decoder’s factory settings and reprogramming them. I don’t know why on rare occasion a decoder loses its bearings, but I strongly suspect there’s a good reason and the culprit is me. Like a computer, it just does what I tell it to do.

It’s a scary thought, but I have to believe I’ve replaced some decoders in the past that had absolutely nothing wrong with them. How many? I think I really don’t want to know.

Join the discussion

Read and share your comments on this article
Comment on this article
Want to leave a comment?
Only registered members of are allowed to comment on this article. Registration is FREE and only takes a couple minutes.

Login or Register now.
Layout Projects

Layout Projects

Tips and techniques for any layout

Model Railroader Newsletter See all
Sign up for our FREE e-newsletter and get model railroad news in your inbox!
By signing up you may also receive occasional reader surveys and special offers from Model Railroader magazine. Please view our privacy policy